Antibiotic consumption worldwide soared by 65 per cent from 2000 to 2015, a rise driven by higher consumption in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), particularly India and China. Total antibiotic consumption in LMICs — led by India, China, and Pakistan — increased by 114 per cent over the same 15-year period. The consumption rate, meanwhile, rose by 77 per cent. This is still half the consumption rate of HICs, which suggests that despite the rising trend in LIMCs, there is still greater use of antibiotics per person in developed countries. The data shows that antibiotic consumption during 2000‒2015 more than doubled in India, from 3.2 to 6.5 billion DDDs (103 per cent).
China, India lead rise in global antibiotic consumption